What Is The Northern Ireland Backstop Agreement

Dec 21st, 2020 | By | Category: Uncategorized

On 10 October 2019, Mr Johnson and Leo Varadkar held “very positive and promising” talks that led to the resumption of negotiations[81] and a week later Mr Johnson and Jean-Claude Juncker announced that they had agreed (subject to ratification) on a new withdrawal agreement replacing the backstop with a new protocol on Northern Ireland.2 [82] On 15 January 2019, the British Parliament rejected a government request to approve a draft withdrawal agreement. At the end of January 2019, many Pro-Brexit Tory and DUP MPs remained opposed to an unsealed backstop, fearing they would indefinitely link the UK to many EU rules. [60] In subsequent votes, most conservative rebels voted in favour of the withdrawal agreement and the backstop, although the DUP continued to oppose it, contributing to its prolonged defeat. The opposition was despite an opinion poll by LucidTalk (published on 6 December 2018) which found that 65% of Northern Ireland voters were in favour of a Brexit that saw Northern Ireland as the EU single market and customs union. [57] On 28 January 2019, May objected to the backstop she and the EU had approved and called on the Conservatives to vote in favour of a Backbench amendment replacing backstop with unspecified “alternative arrangements.” [61] [62] The Irish backstop seems controversial enough to stop Brexit. The border is a sensitive issue because of the history of Northern Ireland and peace evacuation agreements, including the elimination of visible signs of the border. Paul Bew, a Crossbench peer, noted that the downward nature of the backstop reverses the ascendancy of the Good Friday Agreement, risking “the current deterioration of North-South relations increasing in unpredictable and dangerous ways.” [63] On 2 October, Johnson presented a possible replacement of the Irish backstop 2018 and proposed that Northern Ireland remain in the EU, but on the customs territory of the United Kingdom. This would require product controls between Britain and Northern Ireland, but no customs controls on goods that should remain in the UK. With regard to the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic, its proposal would involve customs controls between Northern Ireland and the Republic (possibly supported by technologies implemented far from the border), but would not include product controls and safety standards on the island of Ireland. [90] This was rejected by the EU.

[91] Since about 2005, the border has been considered invisible, with little or no physical infrastructure, with security barriers and checkpoints eliminated as a result of processes introduced by the Good Friday Agreement (or “Belfast Agreement”), signed in 1998. [2] [2] [3] This agreement has the status of both an international treaty between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland (the Anglo-Irish Agreement) and an agreement between the parties in Northern Ireland (multi-party agreement). The Irish government and the northern Irish nationalists (favourable to a united Ireland) supported the protocol, while the Unionists (who preferred the United Kingdom) opposed it. In early 2019, the Westminster Parliament voted three times against ratifying the withdrawal agreement, rejecting the backstop. The Irish government, in particular, insisted on this “backstop”. [41] [42] The Northern Ireland Protocol replaces the previous plan, the so-called Irish backstop plan, negotiated by former British Prime Minister Theresa May. The Republic of Ireland is the second highest gross domestic product per capita in the EU after Luxembourg, thanks to a favourable corporate tax system and membership of the European single market. [12] About 85% of Ireland`s freight exports worldwide are from ports in the UK, about half of which are destined for the UK, while half continue to the EU via Dover and Calais. [13] The UK`s use as a “land bridge” is rapid (it takes 10.5 hours for the Dublin-Holyhead-Dover-Calais route), but[14] could be compromised by customs checks in Wales and Calais in a Brexit without agreement.

Comments are closed.